A patient-centered medical home is an approach to providing comprehensive primary care for people of all ages and medical conditions. It is a way for a physician-led medical practice, chosen by the patient, to integrate health care services for that patient who confronts a complex and confusing health care system.
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) introduced the medical home concept in 1967, initially referring to a central location for archiving the medical records of a child. In its 2002 policy statement, the AAP expanded the medical home concept to include these operational characteristics: accessible, continuous, comprehensive, family-centered, coordinated, compassionate, and culturally sensitive care.
In February 2007, the AAP, the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP), the American Osteopathic Association (AOA) and the American College of Physicians (ACP) used this 40-year old concept to develop a set of joint principles that describe a new level of primary care which they call the Patient-Centered Medical Home. These principles address the medical home partnership through which access is facilitated to specialty care, educational services, out-of-home care, family support, and other public and private community services important to the overall health of the patient.